Good afternoon. It is a pleasure to be here today to witness the signing of the sister city agreement between Washington, DC and Brasilia. Thank you, Mayor Gray and Governor Queiroz, for inviting me to sign this important agreement. We are grateful to Ambassador Vieira for being with us today. America, South Asia and Australasia use the term “sister cities” or “twin cities.” In China, it is the term “Yuh`o chengshe”, friendly cities. [11] Sometimes other government agencies include a partnership relationship, such as the agreement between Hainan provinces in China and Jeju-do in South Korea. The twelve is a twinning of cities with a city from each of the Member States of the European Union. [1] [12] The practice continued after the Second World War to promote mutual understanding and cross-border mutual utility projects. [1] [2] [28] [29] [30] Coventry z.B. discussed with Stalingrad and then with Dresden as an act of peace and reconciliation, the three cities having been severely bombed during the war. [1] [26] [31] [32] [33] The city of Bath formed an Alkmaar Adoption Committee in March 1945, while the Dutch city was still occupied by the German army during the last months of the war and children from each city participated in exchanges in 1945 and 1946. [34] In 1947, Bristol Corporation (later Bristol City Council) sent five “leaders” on a goodwill mission to Hanover. [5] [26] Reading was, in 1947, the first British city to establish links with an ancient “enemy” city – Dusseldorf – a link that still exists.

[35] Since April 9, 1956, Rome and Paris have been exclusively and reciprocally linked, according to the slogan: “Only Paris is worthy of Rome. Only Rome is worthy of Paris. [36] [37] Among the cultural events in the twin city is the annual Washington Cherry Blossom National Festival, D.C. in honor of Washington`s twin relationship with Tokyo City. Many twin cities have trade agreements with their partners. For example, the Vermont Glacier opened a factory in the Republic of Karelia in Russia and offered its Russian employees the same profit-sharing plan. Cities that refine cities and cities in partnership are sometimes made for political purposes. In 2013, the city of Gyongyus, Hungary, was associated with the Azerbaijani city of Shusha and signed the partnership agreement with representatives of the Azerbaijani government; Hungary recognized Shusha as a de jure part of Azerbaijan, although it was controlled at the time and until 2020 by the unrecognized Armenian and Artsakh armed forces. [59] In 2003, Preston City Councillors in England attempted to establish a partnership with the Palestinian city of Nablus in the name of solidarity. [60] The term “city diplomacy” is formally used in the work of the United Cities and Local Governments and the C40 Climate Cities Leadership Group and recognized by the USC Center on Public Diplomacy.

During a debate in the British House of Lords in March 2014, the development of twinnings towards urban diplomacy was recognised, not only in trade and tourism, but also in culture and reconciliation after conflicts. [16] The importance of developing “their own foreign economic policy in the areas of trade, foreign investment, tourism and the attraction of foreign talent” was also highlighted by the World Economic Forum. In addition to the C40, the World Cities Summit, the Smart City Expo World Congress[18] are also the Strong City Network[19] and 100 Resilient Cities. [20] [15] In 2016, more than 125 multilateral networks and forums were deployed to facilitate international cooperation between the various local authorities.