It is significant that the agreement did not provide for the Dominion of India to deploy Indian forces in the state, while British India had maintained various townships, notably in Secunderabad, as part of its “subsidiary alliance” with the state. Over the next six months, Indian troops were withdrawn from the state. [15] Declassified diplomatic dispatches between employees of the India War Office, the Commonwealth Relations Office (CRO) and the British Foreign Office, archived at the British Library, show that India played a diplomatic game of high-level operations immediately after independence in London to reduce the flow of arms to Hyderabad in November 1947. This lack of weapons eventually forced the Hyderabad army to capitulate in four days with limited Indian losses. AND CONSIDERING that it is advantageous for both sides that existing administrative agreements and arrangements on issues of common interest are maintained until a final agreement is reached as stated above: Nizam Osman Ali Khan was the ruler of the Hindu-majority landlocked state of Hyderabad and his policies were dominated by the Muslim elite. Muslims in Ittehad-ul, a powerful pro-Nizam Muslim party, insisted that Hyderabad must remain an independent state on an equal footing with India and Pakistan. The Indian government rejected the companies issued by Nizam and called it a “legalistic right to dubious validity.” She argued that Hyderabad`s strategic location could easily be used by foreign interests to threaten India. The Nizam were ready to enter into a limited contract with India in order to preserve Hyderabad`s neutrality in the event of a conflict between India and Pakistan. India objected on the grounds that other States would require similar concessions. A provisional status quo agreement has been signed. In December 1947, India accused Hyderabad of repeatedly violating the agreement. In 1948, the situation deteriorated further. The Indian Army was sent to Hyderabad in Operation Polo for a worrying legal and regulatory situation.

The troops took full control of the state. The Nizam was maintained as head of state in the same way as other princes who joined India. He denied complaints to the UN Security Council for fear of an invasion. .