All subsequent agreements were intended to implement the three previous key agreements. The exclusion of Jerusalem and settlements from the territories to be transferred to the Palestinians would not alter the Israeli presence, including the army, to protect them, without a negotiated agreement. The agreements also preserve Israel`s exclusive control of the borders, airspace and territorial waters of the Gaza Strip. Oslo II, Article XII: During the Second Intifada, the roadmap for peace was introduced, which explicitly aimed to find a two-state solution and the creation of an independent Palestinian state. However, the roadmap soon entered a cycle similar to the Oslo process, but did not reach an agreement. The interim agreement includes more than 300 pages of 5 chapters containing 31 “articles” and 7 “appendices” and 9 “cards.” The agreement has a “preamble” that acknowledges its roots in the previous diplomatic efforts of UN Security Council Resolution 242 (1967) and UN Security Council Resolution 338 (1973), the 1991 Madrid Conference and other previous agreements. In particular, the agreement recognizes the establishment of an “acting autonomous Palestinian authority”, i.e. an elected Council called the “Council” or “Palestinian Council”. The Oslo Accords are an agreement between the Government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO): the Oslo I Agreements signed in Washington, D.C. in 1993; [1] and the Oslo II Agreements, signed in Taba, Egypt, in 1995. [2] The Oslo Accords marked the beginning of the Oslo process, a peace process aimed at reaching a peace treaty on the basis of UN Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338 and respecting the “right of the Palestinian people to self-determination”. The Oslo process began after secret negotiations in Oslo, which led to the PLO`s recognition of the State of Israel and Israel`s recognition of the PLO as a representative of the Palestinian people and negotiating partner.

Faced with these differences of opinion that were at the origin, negotiators from both sides met again at Camp David, hoping to continue the Oslo Accords with a comprehensive peace treaty. Oslo I also set the agenda for the follow-up agreement, known as Oslo II, which would include the debate on the future administration of the city of Jerusalem (both sides claim it as their respective capitals) as well as issues relating to borders, security and, if applicable, the rights of Israeli settlers in the West Bank. The interim agreement on the West Bank and Gaza Strip, commonly known as Oslo II or Oslo 2, was a key and complex agreement in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process.